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Comprehensive Breast Cancer Surgery in Kolkata

Introduction to Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting women in India. Early detection and advanced surgical treatment are crucial for improving outcomes. Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, is home to several renowned hospitals, oncologist in kolkata and cancer centres offering world-class breast cancer surgery. For breast cancer surgery in Kolkata, the various surgical procedures available, and what patients can expect during their treatment journey.

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Breast Cancer Surgery Centers in Kolkata

Kolkata boasts several esteemed healthcare facilities that specialize in breast cancer treatment, including:

  1. Tata Medical Center
  2. Narayana Superspeciality Hospital
  3. Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences (RTIICS)
  4. AMRI Hospitals
  5. Peerless Hospital & B.K. Roy Research Centre

These hospitals are equipped with state-of-the-art diagnostic and surgical facilities, staffed by highly experienced breast cancer surgeons, oncologists, and support staff.

Types of Breast Cancer Surgery

The type of breast cancer surgery recommended for a patient depends on various factors, including the stage and size of the tumour, lymph node involvement, and the patient’s overall health condition. The main surgical options for breast cancer treatment in Kolkata are:

  1. Breast-Conserving Surgery (BCS) Breast-conserving surgery, also known as a lumpectomy or partial mastectomy, involves removing the cancerous tumour along with a small margin of healthy breast tissue. This procedure aims to preserve as much of the breast as possible while effectively removing cancer. BCS is typically followed by radiation therapy to eliminate any remaining cancer cells.
  2. Mastectomy A mastectomy is the surgical removal of the entire breast. There are different types of mastectomies, including:
  • Simple or Total Mastectomy: Removal of the entire breast.
  • Skin-Sparing Mastectomy: Removal of the breast tissue while preserving the skin envelope, facilitating future breast reconstruction.
  • Nipple-Sparing Mastectomy: Removal of the breast tissue while preserving the nipple and surrounding skin, providing a more natural appearance after reconstruction.
  1. Lymph Node Surgery In addition to breast surgery, some patients may also require lymph node removal or sampling to determine if cancer has spread to the lymph nodes. Procedures like sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) or axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) may be performed.

Preparation for Breast Cancer Surgery

Before undergoing breast cancer surgery in Kolkata, patients will undergo a series of diagnostic tests and consultations to develop a personalized treatment plan. This may include:

  1. Breast imaging (mammography, ultrasound, MRI)
  2. Biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and cancer type
  3. Genetic testing (if applicable)
  4. Consultation with a breast surgeon and oncologist
  5. Pre-operative tests and clearances

Patients need to discuss their goals, concerns, and expectations with their healthcare team to ensure they receive the most appropriate surgical treatment.

Postoperative Care and Recovery

After breast cancer surgery, patients will require a period of recovery and follow-up care. This typically involves:

  1. Pain management and wound care
  2. Monitoring for potential complications (e.g., infection, lymphedema)
  3. Physiotherapy and exercises to regain strength and mobility
  4. Discussions about additional treatments (e.g., chemotherapy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy)
  5. Emotional and psychological support services

Breast Reconstruction Options

For patients undergoing mastectomy, breast reconstruction surgery can be a crucial part of the treatment journey. Best oncologist in India hospitals offer various reconstructive options, including implant-based reconstruction and autologous tissue reconstruction (using the patient’s own tissue from another part of the body). Reconstruction can be performed immediately after mastectomy or in a delayed fashion, depending on the patient’s preferences and medical condition.

Support Services and Resources

Undergoing breast cancer surgery can be physically and emotionally challenging. Hospitals in Kolkata recognize the importance of providing comprehensive support services to patients and their families, including:

  1. Counselling and support groups
  2. Nutritional guidance
  3. Palliative care services
  4. Financial assistance programs
  5. Rehabilitation services

These services aim to address the multifaceted needs of breast cancer patients and improve their overall quality of life.

Conclusion

Breast cancer surgery in Kolkata is performed by highly skilled surgeons and oncologists using advanced techniques and technologies. Patients have access to a range of surgical options, from breast-conserving procedures to various types of mastectomies, tailored to their individual needs. Comprehensive support services and resources are available to guide patients through every step of their treatment journey. With early detection and prompt, expert surgical intervention, many women in Kolkata can overcome breast cancer and regain their health and well-being.

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